Kentucky Families.

Macklin of Franklin County.

We deduce that John Macklin, rather than his brother Alexander Macklin, owned Dowan Ballard because of the surviving record in Franklin county, Kentucky recording the death of his slave “Florney” in August 1852.1  John and Alexander were sons of Hugh Macklin, who came to Kentucky about 1798.  John Macklin operated a mill on the banks of Elkhorn Creek and supplied flour to the New Orleans trade.2

According to the 1840 Federal Census, John Macklin was head of household of one male, age 30-40; one female, age 30-40; one male, age 20-30; one male, under age 5, and two females, age 5-10.  There were eight slaves: one male, age 24-36; one male 10-24; two males under 10; one female, age 24-36; two females, age 10-24; one female under 10.3

Dowan should have been enumerated as part of the 1850 Federal Census, for he is believed to have entered the Macklin household in 1848, and his son Flournoy died in 1852.

Name/Age/ Sex/ Occupation/ Value of Real Estate/ Place of Birth

John Macklin/ 44/M/ Farmer/ 10,426 /KY
Elizabeth Macklin 24 F KY
Martha J. Macklin 17 F KY
Mary Macklin 15 F KY
William J. 12 M KY
Adeline 9 F KY
Emma 2 F KY
Ann E. 2/12 F KY
Stephen Black 23 M Farmer KY

There were 14 slaves in the household, nine males, five females.   The males were aged 30, 25, 21, 15, 13, 12, 10, 10, and 8; the females aged 35, 22,21, 15 and 12.4

Duvall of Franklin County.

Benjamin P. Duvall appeared in the 1840 Federal Census in Woodford County, Kentucky as head of household with the following free white persons: one male, age 30-40; one female, age 30-40; two males age 5-10, and three males under age 5.  The family possessed two slaves, a male age 1-24, and a female under age 10.5

The 1850 Federal Census was the first to list the names of every individual in the household.  Benjamin P. Duvall appears in the census for Franklin County:

Name/ Age/ Sex/ Occupation/ Value of Real Estate/ Place of Birth

Benjamin P. Duvall 42 M Doctor 8,560 KY
Julia A. Duvall 41 F KY
Benjamin F. Duvall 21 M Farmer KY
Cornelius H. Duvall 16 M Farmer KY
Maruis M. Duvall 14 M KY
William H. Duvall 12 M KY
Joseph P. Duvall 10 M KY
Martha J. Duvall 6 F KY
Susan M. Duvall 1 F KY

This enumeration lists five slaves: three Black males age 30, 21 and 2; one Mulatto male age 25; one Black female, age 27.6

The 1860 Federal census of Franklin, County, Kentucky identifies the following:

Name/ Age/ Sex/ Occupation/ Value of Real Estate/ Place of Birth

Personal Property

Ben P. Duvall 57 M Physician 10,500/6,500 KY
Julia A. Duvall 57 F KY
Ben F. Duvall 26 M Physician /500 KY
C.H. Duvall 24 M KY
Maruis Duvall 23 M Teacher KY
Wm. H. Duvall 21 M KY
Joseph P. Duvall 20 M KY
Martha J. Duvall 16 F KY
Susan M. Duvall 11 F KY
Edward Went 27 M Physician /1,000 KY

This enumeration shows two black males age 43 and 5; one Mulatto male, age 35; four Black females, age 26, 17, 2 and 3/12.7  The sole Mulatto slave could be Dowan, if the 1825 birth date is correct.  His son John William should have been about 13 years old, but no 13 year old appears in the list; he was, perhaps, the property of James R. Butler, who is shown to have owned a 15-year old Black male.

Dr Benjamin F. Duvall represented Franklin County in the Kentucky House of Representatives 1873-1875.8

Butler of Franklin County.

The 1850 enumeration of the slaves of James R. Butler of Franklin county shows one Black male age 45, and three Black females age 60, 20, and 15; the 15 year old could be Matilda Bartlett.9

The 1860 Federal census of Franklin, County, Kentucky lists the following:

Name/ Age/ Sex/ Occupation/ Value of Real Estate/ Place of Birth

Personal Property

J.R. Butler 36 M Physician 60,000/15,000 KY
Jane Butler 34 F KY
Mary Butler 9 F KY
Jane Butler 7 F KY
Nannie 5 F KY
Manda 3 F KY
Percival 1 M KY

The Slave Schedule shows J. R. Butler possessing 12 slaves: Black females age 80, 50, 33, 23 and 17; Black males age 55, 45, 15, 9 and 60; Mulatto female age 8, Mulatto male age 40.10

Endnotes:

1. Franklin Co., Ky. Vital Records, Deaths 1852, identify a Flourney, age 4, black male laborer, resident of Franklin Co., slave of John Macklin. Cause of death: Typhoid flux.

2. William Elsey Connelley & Ellis Merton Coulter, History of Kentucky (Chicago & New York: American Historical Society, 1922) Vol. 4, pp. 605-6.  At the time of this publication in 1922, the Macklin family farm (originally acquired by Hugh Macklin in 1798) was owned by Mrs Anna Stevenson, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Black) Macklin who had married Rev. Thomas J. Stevenson (1838-1915).  Her son John Macklin Stevenson married in 1899 Linna Witherspoon, and had four sons: Holly Witherspoon Stevenson; Thomas Johnson Stevenson; Frank Webb Stevenson; and John Macklin Stevenson, Jr.  Ibid, p. 606 (one wonders if Macklin family papers survive among the Stevenson descendants).

3. 1840 US Federal Census, Franklin County, Kentucky, p. 315.

4. 1850 US Federal Census, Dist. No. 1, Franklin County, Kentucky, 21 August 1850, p. 23.

5. 1840 US Federal Census, Southern Division, Woodford County, Kentucky, p. 242.

6. 1850 US Federal Census, District No. 1, Franklin County, Kentucky, taken 15 August 1850, p. 17.

7. 1860 US Federal Census, Franklin County, Kentucky, p. 167.

8. Lewis Collins, History of Kentucky (Covington: Collins & Co., 1882) Vol. II, p. 241.

9. 1850 US Federal Census, District No. 1, Franklin County, Kentucky, 20 April 1850.

10. 1860 US Federal Census, District No. 1, Franklin County, Kentucky, p. 3, 6 June 1860.

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